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      Albert Bierstadt

      Paintings

      Giant Redwood Trees of California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Giant Redwood Trees of California

      Puget Sound on the Pacific Coast Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Puget Sound on the Pacific Coast

      Sunrise on the Matterhorn Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sunrise on the Matterhorn

      Rocky Mountain Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Rocky Mountain Landscape

      Mountain Peaks in the Clouds Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mountain Peaks in the Clouds

      Rocky Mountain Waterfall Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Rocky Mountain Waterfall

      View of Chimney Rock Ohalila .Sioux Village in the foreground Print by Albert Bierstadt

      View of Chimney Rock Ohalila .Sioux Village in the foreground

      Cloud Study. Moonlight Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Cloud Study. Moonlight

      Merced River. Yosemite Valley Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Merced River. Yosemite Valley

      Minnehaha Falls Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Minnehaha Falls

      Lake Lucerne Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Lake Lucerne

       Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains California

      Connecticut River Valley, Claremont, New Hampshire Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Connecticut River Valley, Claremont, New Hampshire

      A Storm in the Rocky Mountains Mt. Rosalie Print by Albert Bierstadt

      A Storm in the Rocky Mountains Mt. Rosalie

      Farallon Island Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Farallon Island

      Evening in the Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Evening in the Mountains

       Indian Canoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Indian Canoe

      Light in the Forest Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Light in the Forest

      Rocky Mountain. Big Horn Sheep Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Rocky Mountain. Big Horn Sheep

      Yellowstone Falls Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Yellowstone Falls

      The Wild West Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Wild West

      Valley of the Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Valley of the Yosemite

      Buffalo Trail. The Impending Storm Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Buffalo Trail. The Impending Storm

      Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Butterfly

      Matterhorn Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Matterhorn

      Island Lake Wind River Range Wyoming Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Island Lake Wind River Range Wyoming

       Sioux Village near Fort Laramie Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sioux Village near Fort Laramie

      Home of the Rainbow. Horseshoe Falls. Niagara Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Home of the Rainbow. Horseshoe Falls. Niagara

      California Spring Print by Albert Bierstadt

      California Spring

      Winter in Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Winter in Yosemite

      Sunset in the Yosemite Valley Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sunset in the Yosemite Valley

      Estes Park Colorado Whytes Lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Estes Park Colorado Whytes Lake

      Indians Spear Fishing Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Indians Spear Fishing

      The Lookout Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Lookout

      Sunrise on Mount Tacoma Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sunrise on Mount Tacoma

      Untitled mountains and lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Untitled mountains and lake

      Jungfrau Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Jungfrau

      Canadian Rockies. Lake Louise Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Canadian Rockies. Lake Louise

      On the Hudson River Near Irvington Print by Albert Bierstadt

      On the Hudson River Near Irvington

      Seal Rock California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Seal Rock California

      Glen Ellis Falls Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Glen Ellis Falls

      Street in Nassau Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Street in Nassau

      Indians crossing the Columbia River Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Indians crossing the Columbia River

      Rockland County. California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Rockland County. California

      Landscape in the Bahamas Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Landscape in the Bahamas

      Pink Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Pink Butterfly

      Green Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Green Butterfly

      Yellow Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Yellow Butterfly

      California Spring Print by Albert Bierstadt

      California Spring

      Northwest Coast. Loring Bay. Alaska Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Northwest Coast. Loring Bay. Alaska

      Bow River Falls. Canadian Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Bow River Falls. Canadian Rockies

      Trapper and Indian Guide on Horseback Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Trapper and Indian Guide on Horseback

      Old Faithful Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Old Faithful

      The Waterfalls of San Antonio Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Waterfalls of San Antonio

      San Rafael. California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      San Rafael. California

      Lake Scene Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Lake Scene

      Fishing Boats Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Fishing Boats

      Deer in Mountain Home Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Deer in Mountain Home

      Mount Corcoran Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mount Corcoran

      Union Soldiers Fighting in the Field Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Union Soldiers Fighting in the Field

      Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Lake Tahoe

      Outlet at Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Outlet at Lake Tahoe

      A golden summer day near Oakland Print by Albert Bierstadt

      A golden summer day near Oakland

      Tropical Coast Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Tropical Coast

       Bridal Veil Falls Yosemite Valley California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Bridal Veil Falls Yosemite Valley California

      Wintertime Lake Tahoe in winter the Sierra Nevada California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Wintertime Lake Tahoe in winter the Sierra Nevada California

      Sketch for The Last of the Buffalo Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sketch for The Last of the Buffalo

       The Last of the Buffalo Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Last of the Buffalo

      The Merced River in Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Merced River in Yosemite

       Alcatraz San Francisco Bay Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Alcatraz San Francisco Bay

      Autumn Landscape New England Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Autumn Landscape New England

      Looking from the Shade on Clay Hill .Sunset Clay Street Hill San Francisco Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Looking from the Shade on Clay Hill .Sunset Clay Street Hill San Francisco

      Mariposa Indian Encampment Yosemite Valley California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mariposa Indian Encampment Yosemite Valley California

      Surveyors Wagon in the Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Surveyors Wagon in the Rockies

      Sunlight and Shadow Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sunlight and Shadow

      On the Sweetwater near the Devil's Gate Print by Albert Bierstadt

      On the Sweetwater near the Devil's Gate

       On the Hudson Print by Albert Bierstadt

      On the Hudson

      Mountain House Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mountain House

      Snow in the Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Snow in the Rockies

      The Fallen Tree Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Fallen Tree

      Cloud Study with two Figures Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Cloud Study with two Figures

      Valley of the Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Valley of the Yosemite

       Wind River Country Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Wind River Country

      Deer Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Deer

      The Grizzly Giant Sequoia Mariposa Grove California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Grizzly Giant Sequoia Mariposa Grove California

      Indian Encampment Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Indian Encampment

      Sundown on the Lake.Thought to be Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sundown on the Lake.Thought to be Lake Tahoe

      Summer Snow on the Peaks or Snow Capped Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Summer Snow on the Peaks or Snow Capped Mountains

      Boating through Yosemite Valley with Half Dome in the Distance Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Boating through Yosemite Valley with Half Dome in the Distance

      Estes Park Colorado Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Estes Park Colorado

      A Western Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

      A Western Landscape

      Roman Fish Market. Arch of Octavius Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Roman Fish Market. Arch of Octavius

      California Coast Print by Albert Bierstadt

      California Coast

      Icebergs Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Icebergs

      Indian Encampment - Evening Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Indian Encampment - Evening

      Fishing Boats at Capri Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Fishing Boats at Capri

      A Wild Stallion Print by Albert Bierstadt

      A Wild Stallion

      Entrance to the Golden Gate Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Entrance to the Golden Gate

      Buffalo Head Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Buffalo Head

      Two Horses Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Two Horses

      White Horse and Sunset Print by Albert Bierstadt

      White Horse and Sunset

      Cathedral Rock Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Cathedral Rock

      The Rocky Mountains Landers Peak Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Rocky Mountains Landers Peak

      Mountain Goats Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mountain Goats

      Landscape with Cattle Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Landscape with Cattle

       Indian Hunters in Canoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Indian Hunters in Canoe

      Bighorn Sheep Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Bighorn Sheep

      Mountain Lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mountain Lake

      Landscape with Sunset and Herder with Cattle Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Landscape with Sunset and Herder with Cattle

      Mountain Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mountain Landscape

      Western Lake Scene Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Western Lake Scene

      The coming storm Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The coming storm

      The Falls of Saint Anthony Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Falls of Saint Anthony

      Beached Ship Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Beached Ship

      Rocky Mountain Goats Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Rocky Mountain Goats

      Study of Rocky Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Study of Rocky Mountains

      Wreck of the Ancon in Loring Bay. Alaska Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Wreck of the Ancon in Loring Bay. Alaska

      Mont Blanc Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mont Blanc

      Storm Clouds Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Storm Clouds

      Study of Wild Horses Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Study of Wild Horses

      In the Foothills Print by Albert Bierstadt

      In the Foothills

      Monterey California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Monterey California

      Trapped Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Trapped

      Study of a moose Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Study of a moose

      In the Tyrol Print by Albert Bierstadt

      In the Tyrol

      Butterfly Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Butterfly

      View of Nassau the Bahamas Print by Albert Bierstadt

      View of Nassau the Bahamas

      The Blue Grotto. Capri Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Blue Grotto. Capri

      Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Yosemite

      Mount Hood. Columbia River Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mount Hood. Columbia River

      Sunset in California. Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sunset in California. Yosemite

      A Western Waterfall Print by Albert Bierstadt

      A Western Waterfall

      Rocky Mountain Sheep Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Rocky Mountain Sheep

      Late Afternoon Sun Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Late Afternoon Sun

      Pemigewasset River. New Hampshire Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Pemigewasset River. New Hampshire

      Deep in the Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Deep in the Rockies

      Tottenham Church.London. 1869 Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Tottenham Church.London. 1869

      Southern Sierra, Mount Whitney Region Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Southern Sierra, Mount Whitney Region

      Source of the Snake River Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Source of the Snake River

      The Last of the Buffalo 2 Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Last of the Buffalo 2

      Mountain Brook Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mountain Brook

      Mountain Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mountain Landscape

      River Valley Landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

      River Valley Landscape

      Ruins-Campagna of Rome Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Ruins-Campagna of Rome

      The Falls Of Saint Anthony Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Falls Of Saint Anthony

      Ruins of Paestum Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Ruins of Paestum

      Ocean Pool Farallon Islands California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Ocean Pool Farallon Islands California

      View of Mount Rainier with Fishermen Print by Albert Bierstadt

      View of Mount Rainier with Fishermen

      Field of Red and Yellow Wildflowers Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Field of Red and Yellow Wildflowers

      Landscape with Trees and Lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Landscape with Trees and Lake

      A Path Through the Forest Print by Albert Bierstadt

      A Path Through the Forest

      Path by a Lake in a Fores Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Path by a Lake in a Fores

      Above the Timberline Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Above the Timberline

      Sea and Sky Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sea and Sky

      Dunes and Clouds Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Dunes and Clouds

      Evening Sky Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Evening Sky

      Mount Vesuvius at Midnight Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mount Vesuvius at Midnight

      White Mountains New Hampshire Print by Albert Bierstadt

      White Mountains New Hampshire

      Lake Rosalie. California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Lake Rosalie. California

      Italian Costume Studies Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Italian Costume Studies

      Nevada Falls. Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Nevada Falls. Yosemite

      The Rocky Mountains Landers Peak Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Rocky Mountains Landers Peak

      Oregon Trail Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Oregon Trail

      Hunter in the White Mountains Near Glen House detail Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Hunter in the White Mountains Near Glen House detail

       Lake in the Sierra Nevada Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Lake in the Sierra Nevada

      In the High Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

      In the High Mountains

       Sundown at Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sundown at Yosemite

       Peaks in the Rockies Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Peaks in the Rockies

      View of Glacier Park or Sunset on Peak Print by Albert Bierstadt

      View of Glacier Park or Sunset on Peak

      Geysers in Yellowstone Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Geysers in Yellowstone

      Forested hills Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Forested hills

      Covered wagons Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Covered wagons

      Evening on the Prairie Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Evening on the Prairie

       Mountain landscape Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mountain landscape

      Scene in Yosemite Valley Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Scene in Yosemite Valley

      The Domes of the Yosemite Print by Albert Bierstadt

      The Domes of the Yosemite

      Cypress Point Monterey Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Cypress Point Monterey

      Mountains Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mountains

      Twilight, Lake Tahoe Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Twilight, Lake Tahoe

      Landscape with Lake Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Landscape with Lake

      Lake in Moonlight Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Lake in Moonlight

      Mount Hood, Oregon Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Mount Hood, Oregon

      Sea Cove Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Sea Cove

      Albert Bierstadt

      Buffalo Trail. The Impending Storm

      Albert Bierstadt

      Cloud Study. Moonlight

      Albert Bierstadt

      Entrance To The Golden Gate

      Albert Bierstadt

      The Falls Of Saint Anthony

      Albert Bierstadt

      In the Foothills

      Albert Bierstadt

      Jungfrau

      Albert Bierstadt

      Mount Brewer from King's River Canyon, California

      Albert Bierstadt

      Rocky Mountain Goats

      Albert Bierstadt

      Storm Clouds

      Albert Bierstadt

      Study of a moose

      Albert Bierstadt

      Study Of Rocky Mountains

      Albert Bierstadt

      The coming storm

      Albert Bierstadt

      Trapped

      Albert Bierstadt

      Wreck Of The Ancon In Loring Bay. Alaska

      Albert Bierstadt

      Landscape in the Bahamas

      Albert Bierstadt

      Bow River Falls. Canadian Rockies

      Albert Bierstadt

      Northwest Coast. Loring Bay. Alaska

      Albert Bierstadt

      The Wild West

      Albert Bierstadt

      Old Faithful

      Albert Bierstadt

      Trapper And Indian Guide On Horseback

      Albert Bierstadt

      Rockland County. California

      Albert Bierstadt

      Pink Butterfly

      Albert Bierstadt

      Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California

      Albert Bierstadt

      Lake Tahoe

      Albert Bierstadt

      A golden summer day near Oakland

      Albert Bierstadt

      A Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Mt. Rosalie

      Albert Bierstadt

      Alcatraz, San Francisco Bay

      Albert Bierstadt

      Autumn Landscape, New England

      Albert Bierstadt

      Bridal Veil Falls, Yosemite Valley, California

      Albert Bierstadt

      Covered wagons

      Albert Bierstadt

      Cypress Point, Monterey

      Albert Bierstadt

      Deer

      Albert Bierstadt

      Deer in Mountain Home

      Albert Bierstadt

      Estes Park, Colorado, Whyte's Lake

      Albert Bierstadt

      Evening on the Prairie

      Albert Bierstadt

      Forested hills

      Albert Bierstadt

      Geysers in Yellowstone

      Albert Bierstadt

      Glen Ellis Falls

      Albert Bierstadt

      Hunter in the White Mountains Near Glen House (detail)

      Albert Bierstadt

      In the High Mountains

      Albert Bierstadt

      Indian Canoe

      Albert Bierstadt

      Indian Encampment

      Albert Bierstadt

      Indian Encampment - Evening

      Albert Bierstadt

      Indian Hunters in Canoe

      Albert Bierstadt

      Indians spear fishing

      Albert Bierstadt

      Island Lake, Wind River Range, Wyoming

      Albert Bierstadt

      Lake in the Sierra Nevada

      Albert Bierstadt

      Lake Lucerne

      Albert Bierstadt

      Lake Scene

      Albert Bierstadt

      Lake Tahoe in winter, the Sierra Nevada, California

      Albert Bierstadt

      Looking from the Shade on Clay Hill

      Albert Bierstadt

      Mariposa Indian Encampment, Yosemite Valley, California

      Albert Bierstadt

      Minnehaha Falls

      Albert Bierstadt

      Mount Corcoran

      Albert Bierstadt

      Mountain landscape

      Albert Bierstadt

      Mountains

      Albert Bierstadt

      On the Hudson

      Albert Bierstadt

      On the Hudson River Near Irvington

      Albert Bierstadt

      Oregon Trail

      Albert Bierstadt

      Outlet at Lake Tahoe

      Albert Bierstadt

      Peaks in the Rockies

      Albert Bierstadt

      Puget Sound on the Pacific Coast

      Albert Bierstadt

      Rocky Mountain Landscape

      Albert Bierstadt

      Scene in Yosemite Valley

      Albert Bierstadt

      Seal Rock, California

      Albert Bierstadt

      Sioux Village near Fort Laramie

      Albert Bierstadt

      Snow in the Rockies

      Albert Bierstadt

      Summer Snow on the Peaks or Snow Capped Mountains

      Albert Bierstadt

      Sundown at Yosemite

      Albert Bierstadt

      Sundown on the Lake

      Albert Bierstadt

      Sunrise on Mount Tacoma

      Albert Bierstadt

      Surveyor's Wagon in the Rockies

      Albert Bierstadt

      The Grizzly Giant Sequoia, Mariposa Grove, California

      Albert Bierstadt

      The Last of the Buffalo

      Albert Bierstadt

      The Merced River in Yosemite

      Albert Bierstadt

      Untitled (mountains and lake)

      Albert Bierstadt

      Valley of the Yosemite

      Albert Bierstadt

      View of Chimney Rock, Ohalilah Sioux Village in the foreground

      Albert Bierstadt

      Wind River Country

      Albert Bierstadt

      Yellowstone Falls

      Albert Bierstadt

      The Domes of the Yosemite

      Albert Bierstadt

      The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak

      Albert Bierstadt

      Butterfly

      Albert Bierstadt

      Lake Tahoe

      Albert Bierstadt

      Sunset over the River

      Albert Bierstadt

      The Landing of Columbus

      Fine Art Prints | Greeting Cards | iPhone Cases | Tote Bags | Clothing | Lifestyle | Beach ...

      Giant Redwood Trees of California Print by Albert Bierstadt

      Giant Redwood Trees of California

      Albert Bierstadt (January 7, 1830 – February 18, 1902) was an American painter best known for his lavish, sweeping landscapes of the American West. To paint the scenes, Bierstadt joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion. Though not the first artist to record these sites, Bierstadt was the foremost painter of these scenes for the remainder of the 19th century.

      ALBERT BIERSTADT

      Albert Bierstadt

      Born in Germany, Bierstadt was brought to the United States at the age of one by his parents. He later returned to study painting for several years in Düsseldorf. He became part of the Hudson River School in New York, an informal group of like-minded painters who started painting along this scenic river. Their style was based on carefully detailed paintings with romantic, almost glowing lighting, sometimes called luminism. An important interpreter of the western landscape, Bierstadt, along with Thomas Moran, is also grouped with the Rocky Mountain School

      Biography

      Bierstadt was born in Solingen, Germany. The following year, in 1831, his family moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts. At an early age Bierstadt developed a taste for art and made clever crayon sketches in his youth. In 1851, he began to paint in oils.[2]
      Map of Bierstadt's journey in 1859 and 1863.

      He returned to Germany in 1853 and studied painting for several years in Düsseldorf with members of its informal school of painting. After returning to New Bedford in 1857, he taught drawing and painting briefly, before devoting himself full-time to painting.

      In 1858 he exhibited a large painting of a Swiss landscape at the National Academy of Design, which gained him positive critical reception and honorary membership in the Academy.[3] At this time Bierstadt began painting scenes in New England and upstate New York, including in the Hudson River valley. A group of artists known as the Hudson River School portrayed its majestic landscapes and craggy areas, as well as the light affected by the changing waters. .

      In 1859, Bierstadt traveled westward in the company of Frederick W. Lander, a land surveyor for the U.S. government, to see those landscapes. He returned to a studio he had taken at the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York with sketches that would result in numerous finished paintings. In 1863 he traveled west again, this time in the company of the author Fitz Hugh Ludlow, whose wife he would later marry. Throughout the 1860s, Bierstadt used studies from this trip as the source for large-scale paintings for exhibition. He continued to visit the American West throughout his career.

      During the American Civil War, Bierstadt paid for a substitute to serve in his place when he was drafted in 1863. He completed one Civil War painting Guerrilla Warfare, Civil War in 1862, based on his brief experiences with soldiers stationed at Camp Cameron in 1861.[4] Bierstadt's painting was based on a stereo photograph taken by his brother Edward Bierstadt, who operated a photography studio at Langley's Tavern in Virginia. Bierstadt's painting received a positive review when it was exhibited at the Brooklyn Art Association at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in December 1861. Curator Eleanor Jones Harvey observes that Bierstadt's painting, created from photographs, "is quintessentially that of a voyeur, privy to the stories and unblemished by the violence and brutality of first-hand combat experience."[4]

      In 1860, he was elected a member of the National Academy; he received medals in Austria, Bavaria, Belgium, and Germany.[5] In 1867 he traveled to London, where he exhibited two landscape paintings in a private reception with Queen Victoria.[6] He traveled through Europe for two years, cultivating social and business contacts to sustain the market for his work overseas.[6]

      A trip to the Yellowstone region in 1871 yielded numerous drawings of the area's geysers and picturesque topography. These works were instrumental in convincing the United States Congress to pass the Yellowstone Park Bill in 1872, thus establishing the first national park in the world. Soon thereafter Congress purchased a large painting from Bierstadt for $10,000. As a result of the publicity generated by his Yellowstone paintings, Bierstadt's presence was requested by every explorer considering a westward expedition, and he was commissioned by the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad to visit the Grand Canyon for further subject matter.[7]
      Rosalie Bierstadt, unknown date.

      Bierstadt's technical proficiency, earned through his study of European landscape, was crucial to his success as a painter of the American West. It accounted for his popularity in disseminating views of the Rockies to those who had not seen them.[6] The immense canvases he produced after his trips with Lander and Ludlow established him as the preeminent painter of the western American landscape.[6] Financial recognition confirmed his status: The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak, completed in 1863, was purchased for $25,000 in 1865.[8]

      Despite his popular success, Bierstadt was criticized by some contemporaries for the romanticism evident in his choices of subject[9] and his use of light was felt to be excessive. His exhibition pieces were brilliantly crafted images that glorified the American West as a land of promise.[10] Bierstadt's choice of grandiloquent subjects was matched by his entrepreneurial flair. His exhibitions of individual works were accompanied by promotion, ticket sales, and, in the words of one critic, a "vast machinery of advertisement and puffery."[11]

      His wife was diagnosed with consumption in 1876, and from then until her death in 1893, Bierstadt spent time with her in the warmer climate of Nassau in the Bahamas. He also continued to travel to the West and Canada. In later life, Bierstadt's work fell increasingly out of critical favor. It was attacked for its theatrical tone.[6]

      In 1882 Bierstadt's studio at Irvington, New York, was destroyed by fire, resulting in the loss of many of his paintings.[2] By the time of his death on February 18, 1902,[12] the taste for epic landscape painting had long since subsided. Bierstadt was then largely forgotten. He was buried at the Rural Cemetery in New Bedford, Massachusetts.

      Interest in his work was renewed in the 1960s, with the exhibition of his small oil studies.[6] The subsequent reassessment of Bierstadt's work has placed it in a favorable context:

      The temptation (to criticize him) should be steadfastly resisted. Bierstadt's theatrical art, fervent sociability, international outlook, and unquenchable personal energy reflected the epic expansion in every facet of western civilization during the second half of the nineteenth century.[13]

      Bierstadt was a prolific artist, having completed over 500 paintings during his lifetime.[14] Many of these are held by museums across the United States.
      Existing work
      Main article: List of works by Albert Bierstadt

      1855 - The Old Mill
      1855 - The Portico of Octavia
      1855 - Westphalia
      1859 - The Wolf River, Kansas,[15] c. 1859, oil on canvas, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
      1861 - Echo Lake, Franconia Mountains, NH,[16] Smith College Museum of Art,[17] Smith College, Northampton, MA
      1863 - The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak, oil on canvas, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY
      1864 - Cho-looke, the Yosemite Fall, oil on canvas, Timken Museum of Art, San Diego, CA[18]
      1864 - Valley of the Yosemite,[19] oil on paper, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
      1866 - On the Hudson River Near Irvington, 1866-70, oil on paper, Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, MA
      1866 - A Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Mt. Rosalie, oil on canvas, Brooklyn Museum, New York City, New York
      1868 - Connecticut River Valley, Claremont, New Hampshire, 1868, oil on canvas, Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, MA
      1868 - In the Sierras,[20] Fogg Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
      1868 - Among the Sierra Nevada, California,[21] Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
      1869 - Glen Ellis Falls, oil on canvas, Zimmerli Art Museum, New Brunswick, NJ
      1871 - Domes of Yosemite,[22] c. 1871, St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, St. Johnsbury, VT
      1874 - Giant Redwood Trees of California, c. 1874, oil on canvas, Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, MA
      1876 - Mount Corcoran,[23] c. 1876–77, oil on canvas, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
      1888 - The Last of the Buffalo,[24] oil on canvas, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
      1889 - Alaskan Coast Range,[25] c. 1889, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
      1891 - The Last of the Buffalo,[26] c. 1891, vintage photogravure, Valley Fine Art Gallery, Aspen, Colorado
      1895 - The Morteratsch Glacier Upper Engadine Valley - Pontresina


      Legacy and honors
      Bierstadt Lake, Rocky Mountain National Park

      Because of Bierstadt's interest in mountain landscapes, Mount Bierstadt and Bierstadt Lake in Colorado are named in his honor. Bierstadt was probably the first European to visit the summit of Mount Evans in 1863, 1.5 miles from Mount Bierstadt.[27] Bierstadt named it Mount Rosa, a reference to both Monte Rosa above Zermatt and, Rosalie Ludlow, his future wife, but the name was changed from Rosalie to Evans in 1895 in honor of Colorado governor John Evans.
      In 1998, the United States Postal Service issued a set of 20 commemorative stamps entitled "Four Centuries of American Art", one of which featured Albert Bierstadt's The Last of the Buffalo.[28] In 2008, the USPS issued a commemorative stamp in its "American Treasures" series featuring Bierstadt's 1864 painting Valley of the Yosemite.[29]
      Valley of the Yosemite[30] also appears in a scene in Terry Gilliam's 1995 film Twelve Monkeys, accompanied by several doctors singing "Blueberry Hill".[31]
      William Bliss Baker, another landscape artist, studied under Bierstadt.

      See also

      List of Hudson River School artists
      List of works by Albert Bierstadt
      Edward Bierstadt
      History of painting
      Western painting

      References

      "Picturing America's Natural Cathedrals". Tfaoi.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
      Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Bierstadt, Albert". Appletons' Cyclop?dia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
      "Artist Info". nga.gov.
      Harvey, Eleanor Jones (2012). The Civil War and American Art. Smithsonian American Art Museum; Metropolitan Museum of Art. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-18733-5.
      "Bierstadt, Albert". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.
      National Gallery of Art
      Barringer and Wilton, 250
      "Albert Bierstadt: The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak (07.123) - Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History - The Metropolitan Museum of Art". metmuseum.org.
      "Albert Bierstadt Images". Images.google.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
      "Among the Sierra Nevada, California by Albert Bierstadt / American Art". si.edu.
      Smithsonian American Art Museum
      Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bierstadt, Albert". Encyclop?dia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
      Howat, John K., editor. American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School, 284. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1987. ISBN 9780870994975
      Glenda Moore (2004-09-09). "xmission.com". xmission.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
      "Albert Bierstadt: The Wolf River, Kansas (61.28) — The Detroit Institute of Arts". Dia.org. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
      "Echo Lake, Franconia Mountains, New Hampshire / North American / Art of the Americas / Highlights By Category / Collection Highlights / Collections / Smith College Museum of Art - Smith College Museum of Art". Scma.smith.edu. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
      "Home / Smith College Museum of Art - Smith College Museum of Art". Smith.edu. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
      "Cho-looke, the Yosemite Fall, 1864". Timken Museum of Art.
      "Valley of the Yosemite". Retrieved 31 May 2014.
      "In the Sierras". Harvard Art Museums. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
      "Among the Sierra Nevada, California". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
      "St. Johnsbury Athenaeum>>This Week from the Gallery Archives". Stjathenaeum.org. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
      "Mount Corcoran | Corcoran". Collection.corcoran.org. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
      "The Last of the Buffalo | Corcoran". Collection.corcoran.org. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
      "Alaskan Coast Range". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
      "Valley Fine Art". Valley Fine Art Gallery. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
      William Newton Byers, Bierstadt's Visit to Colorado: Sketching for the famous painting Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Magazine of Western History, Vol. XI, No. 3, Jan. 1890; page 237.
      "ArtOnStamps.org". ArtOnStamps.org. 2010-07-09. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
      "The Postal Store @ USPS.com". Shop.usps.com. 2011-03-28. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
      "image of Valley of the Yosemite". Retrieved 2012-12-19.

      "Twelve Monkeys (1995)". IMDb.

      Further reading

      American paradise: the world of the Hudson River school. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. ISBN 9780870994968.
      Anderson, Nancy K. et al. Albert Bierstadt, Art & Enterprise, Hudson Hills Press, Inc.: New York, New York, 1990.
      Barringer, Tim and Wilton, Andrew. American Sublime: Landscape Painting in the United States 1820-1880, Princeton University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-691-09670-8
      Hendricks, Gordon. Albert Bierstadt, Painter of the American West, Harrison House/Harry N. Abrams, Inc.: New York, New York 1988.

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