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      - Art Gallery -

       

       

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      Know yourself (gnothi seauton) [since] ... an unexamined life is not worth living, Socrates in Plato's Apology.

      Whatever, in fact, is modern in our life we owe to the Greeks. Whatever is an anachronism is due to mediaevalism. Oscar Wilde

      Fashion
      Furniture, House
      Graphic11

      An ancient Greek table "Trapeza", usually had 3 legs (a solution to the wobbly aspect ). Recently a high-energy physicist proposed a solution to the four legs tables problem of wobbly tables. Just rotate the table and at some point, all four feet will touch the ground

      Pottery
      Graphic62
      Pottery more than 8000 years tradition in Greece

      Greek Pottery Images

      Children, Women, Education

      Click Images to Enlarge

      Education

      Diotima Materials for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World

      Greek women Mathematicians and Philosophers , Women of Athens and Marriage ,

      Games of Childen in Ancient Greece, Children in Ancient Greece , Some Sculptures of ancient Greek Children

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      Family, young boy playing with a wheel, 4th century BC

      Graphic3

      Kite flying, young girl, 4th c. BC

      Graphic5

      Agriculture of Ancient Greece

      Women working (bread production) with a musician playing an aulos

      Greek Cuisine

      Death

      On this truly happy day of my life, as I am at the point of death, I write this to you ... Epicurus, Letter to Idomeneus

      If you go to the Hades girl you will not find your lover. Among the living only are the delights of Aphrodite; in Acheron, girl, we will be only bones and ashes.

      Death and funeral , Burial Rites

      Music, Instruments

      Harmonics is an obscure and diffuclt musical subject, particularly for those who do not know Greek letters, Vitruvius De architectura

      Festivals

      Ecstasy is derived from the Greek word ekstasis "standing outside oneself" (from existanai , displace ) (and existanai phrenon, drive out of one's mind)

      Ancient Greek Festivals

      A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K -L - M

      N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

      Dance

      Graphic9

      A girl dancing with a ball, from an Attica vase.

      The dance also had undergone a wonderful development rhythmically; for even in Homer's time we read in “The Odyssey” of the court of Alcinoüs at Phoc?a, how two princes danced before Ulysses and played with a scarlet ball, one throwing it high in the air, the other always catching it with his feet off the ground; and then changing, they flung the ball from one to the other with such rapidity that it made the onlookers dizzy. During the play, Demodocus chanted a song, and accompanied the dance with his lyre, the players never losing a step. Edward MacDowell

      ....The dance consisted in springing rapidly from the ground, and striking the feet behind... We are told .. that a Laconian girl had danced the bibasis a thousand times...

      Image from a Corinthian Aryballos from the Apollo Temple in Corinth, first quarter of the sixth century BC. Text includes the names of Polyterpos and Pyrrhias

      Sport, Olympic Games

      ... μηκεθ' αλ?ου σκ?πει ?λλο θαλπν?τερον εν αμ?ρα φαενν?ν ?στρον ερ?μα? δι' αιθ?ρο?, μηδ' Ολυμπ?α? αγ?να φ?ρτερον αυδ?σομεν". ...Look no further for any star warmer than the sun, shining by day through the lonely sky, and let us not proclaim any contest greater than Olympia, Pindar 1st Olympian Ode

      Last year we had the modern Olympic Games after more than 100 years again in Greece and for the first time after 393 AD again in Olympia when the ancient games were forbidden for religious reasons. The religious games of the past are now controlled by a gigantic industry and millions worldwide spent in training a considerably time of their life in order to participate and maybe win and become Olympionikes.

      Δε μπορ? να ξεχ?σω την ακρ?ταγη αισιοδοξ?α, που μα? ε?χε παλαβ?σει ?λου? μα?, που ε?χαμε πιστ?ψει πω? την αναστ?σαμε εμε?? την αρχα?α ομορφι? (Ολυμπιακο?? Αγ?νε? ) και πω? η Ευρ?πη δε θα ?κανε πια τ?ποτα ?λλο, παρ? να χ?σκει μπροστ? μα? και να μα? προσκυν?. Αφ?λειε? αν?δεων λα?ν και ξεπεσμ?νων". Κωστ?? Παλαμ??

      Ephedrismos

      Animals
      ...among which it is reported that Xanthippus, the father of Pericles, had a dog that would not endure to stay behind, but leaped into the sea, and swam along by the galley’s side till he came to the island of Salamis, where he fainted away and died, and that spot in the island, which is still called the Dog’s Grave, is said to be his. Plutarch Themistocles

      Pirates transforming into dolphins. Drawing from an Etruscan Black Figure Hydria, Micali Painter, 510-500 BC

      I saw this dolphin obeying his call and carrying him whenever he wanted to ride on it. Pausanias

      Dolphins

      Dogs in ancient and modern Greece

      Theater

      [Solon] went to see Thespis himself, as the ancient custom was, act: and after the play was done, he addressed him, and asked him if he was not ashamed to tell so many lies before such a number of people; and Thespis replying that it was no harm to say or do so in play, Solon vehemently struck his staff against the ground: "Ah," said he, "if we honor and commend such play as this, we shall find it some day in our business." Plutarch: The Life of Solon

      One famous story of ancient Greece was that of the actor Polus performing in the Electra of Sophocles, at Athens in the 4th century BC. The plot requires Electra to carry an urn supposed to contain the ashes of Orestes. Polus brought the ashes of his dead son on stage so as to generate the requisite feelings for a cry of lamentation.

      "Οταν βρεθ? στο κοχ?λι εν?? αρχα?ου θε?τρου κοιτ?ζω το τοπ?ο, π?ρα, π?ντα τ?σο καλ? διαλεγμ?νο και αμ?σω? ?πειτα ψ?χνω τριγ?ρω μου του? θεατ??, προσπαθ? να δω τα μ?τια του?, χιλι?δε? μ?τια, σειρ??. Καρφωμ?να σε μ?α λεπτομ?ρεια, σε μ?α στιγμ? που δεν κληρονομι?ται. ?χι σε μ?α συγκεκριμ?νη δρ?ση που θα μπορο?σα ε?κολα να υποθ?σω... Τα μ?τια σβ?νουν μαζ? με τη συγκ?νησ? του?, ?πω? πεθα?νουν τα ?στρα και μ?νει το?το το ?δειο Δι?στημα, τ?ση ερημι?!..." Γ. Σεφ?ρη?, "Μ?ρε?", Δευτ?ρα 26 Ιουν?ου 1950 Στρατον?κεια Αντι?χου Σωτ?ρο? (from a Greek Website): When I find myself in the shell of an ancient theatre I look at the landscape, beyond, always so much well chosen and immediately then I look around the spectators. I try to see their eyes, thousands eyes in line. Looking at a detail, at a a moment which cannot be transmitted to others. Not at a concrete action that I could easily suppose... The eyes extinguish with their emotions, as stars die and what remains is the empty space, so much desertness. G. Seferis

      Greek Theater,

      Even if slavery in Greece existed it is even today a problem. The number of slaves transported to the United Stated is 10 - 12 millions. Many more died before and during the transport (some assume this number to be 60 millions).

      Near the well is a hall of Dionysus and a sanctuary of Black Aphrodite. This surname of the goddess is
      simply due to the fact that men do not, as the beasts do, have sex always by day, but in most cases by night.
      Pausanias

      Two banqueters and a hetaera (Image by Jastrow)

      Hetaera

      Life in ancient Greece was not so easy. Even Plato and Socrates had to fight and Socrates even was a war Hero. Only for short periods it was a peaceful life possible. Answers to questions such as how much did a house cost in Athens, did the Greeks learn foreign languages, etc. The word for dance is orcheomai, coming orchos or orchatos, i.e. trees in a row, which the row of dancers resembled. The place where they danced was the orchestra, later the location of good seats close to the stage and where musical accompaniment was placed when necessary. This gave its name to the musicians themselves, which are now known as the orchestra. About Slavery Greeks use two different words doulos and sklabos and douleia in modern Greek means slavery but also work. There are many reports that stress the difference between douloi in Greece and slaves in Rome, and there is a truth in this. When Telemachos, the son of Odysseus, returns to Ithaca the slave girls are happy to see him and they kiss him, but Demosthenes says also that slaves are more likely punished physically than free men. The authors of Who killed Homer even say that America with Lincoln stopped slavery but replaced it with a system that treats many even worse than slaves. I would not go so far but I would say that slaves are slaves and that as Euripides says: A free man?—There is no such thing! All men are slaves; some, slaves of money; some, of chance; others are forced, either by mass opinion, or the threatening law, to act against their nature.

      Symposia, Gymnasia, Homosexuality, Vase PaintingsLife in ancient Greece was not so easy. Even Plato and Socrates had to fight and Socrates even was a war Hero. Only for short periods it was a peaceful life possible. Answers to questions such as how much did a house cost in Athens, did the Greeks learn foreign languages, etc. The word for dance is orcheomai, coming orchos or orchatos, i.e. trees in a row, which the row of dancers resembled. The place where they danced was the orchestra, later the location of good seats close to the stage and where musical accompaniment was placed when necessary. This gave its name to the musicians themselves, which are now known as the orchestra. About Slavery Greeks use two different words doulos and sklabos and douleia in modern Greek means slavery but also work. There are many reports that stress the difference between douloi in Greece and slaves in Rome, and there is a truth in this. When Telemachos, the son of Odysseus, returns to Ithaca the slave girls are happy to see him and they kiss him, but Demosthenes says also that slaves are more likely punished physically than free men. The authors of Who killed Homer even say that America with Lincoln stopped slavery but replaced it with a system that treats many even worse than slaves. I would not go so far but I would say that slaves are slaves and that as Euripides says:

      Socrates: The fact is, as we said at the beginning of our discussion, that the aspiring speaker needs no knowledge of the truth about what is right or good... In courts of justice no attention is paid whatever to the truth about such topics; all that matters is plausibility... There are even some occasions when both prosecution and defense should positively suppress the facts in favor of probability, if the facts are improbable. Never mind the truth -- pursue probability through thick and thin in every kind of speech; the whole secret of the art of speaking lies in consistent adherence to this principle.
      Phaedrus: That is what those who claim to be professional teachers of rhetoric actually say, Socrates. Plato, Phaedrus, 272

      Athenian Cookery and the Symposium

      Diet of Ancient Greece

      Ancient Greek Humour, Alfred Guy Kingan L'Estrange

      Relatives and friends of a person who died

      Transport of a person who died

      Young girl with a bird

      Graves, Stelae, decorations

      Ancient Greeks from Vase Paintings

      Ancient Greece

      Science, Technology , Medicine , Warfare, , Biographies , Life , Cities/Places/Maps , Arts , Literature , Philosophy ,Olympics, Mythology , History , Images

      Medieval Greece /?Byzantine Empire

      Science, Technology, Arts, , Warfare , Literature, Biographies, Icons, History

      Modern Greece

      Cities, Islands, Regions, Fauna/Flora ,Biographies , History , Warfare, Science/Technology, Literature, Music , Arts , Film/Actors , Sport , Fashion

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      Cyprus

      Greek-Library - Scientific Library

      Greece

      World

      Index

      Hellenica World


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