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      Constantinian dynasty

      St. Constantine I the Great (Constantinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus Pontifex Maximus Pater Patriae Proconsul) (AD 272 - 337, ruled 306 - 337) – son of Constantius I Chlorus; left the empire redivided among his heirs; canonized

      Constantius II (Iulius Constantius) (317 - 361, ruled 337 - 361) – son of Constantine I

      Julian the Apostate (Claudius Iulianus) (331 - 363, ruled 361 - 363) – Pagan son-in-law of Constantine I, brother-in-law and first cousin of Constantius II, grandson of Constantius I

      Non-dynastic

      Jovian (Iovianus) (332 - 364, ruled 363 - 364) – Soldier, restored Christianity

      Valentinian-Theodosian dynasty

      Valentinian I (Valentinianus) (321 - 375, ruled 364) – Soldier, redivided the empire, taking the West

      Valens (Iulius Valens) (328 - 378, ruled 364 - 378) – brother of Valentinian I

      Gratianus (359 - 383, ruled 378 - 379) – son of Valentinian I

      Theodosius I the Great (346 - 395, ruled 379 - 395) – soldier; married to Valentinian I's daughter Galla

      Arcadius (377 - 408, ruled 395 - 408) – son of Theodosius I

      Theodosius II the Younger (401 - 450, ruled 408 - 450) – son of Arcadius

      Ste. Pulcheria (399 – 453, ruled 408 - 441, 450) – sister of Theodosius II; canonized

      St. Marcian (Marcianus) (392 - 457, ruled 450 - 457) – soldier; married Pulcheria after Theodosius's death; canonized by the Orthodox church

      Leonid dynasty

      Leo I the Thracian (Valerius Leo) (401-474, ruled 457 - 474) – soldier

      Leo II (467 - 474, ruled 474) – grandson of Leo I, son of Zeno

      Zeno (425 - 491, ruled 474 - 475) – son-in-law of Leo I; orig. Tarasicodissa, an Isaurian

      Basiliscus ( ? - c. 477, ruled 475 - 476) – usurper; brother-in-law of Leo I

      Zeno (ruled 476 - 491) – restored

      Anastasius I (430 - 518, ruled 491 - 518) – silentiarius; son-in-law of Leo I, elevated by selection by Zeno's widow Ariadne

      Justinian dynasty

      Justin I (Iustinius)(450 - 527, ruled 518 - 527) – commander of the guard

      Justinian orders the Compilation of the Pandects

      St. Justinian I the Great (Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus)(482 - 565, ruled 527 - 565) – nephew and adoptive son of Justin I; canonized by the Orthodox church

      Theodora

      Justin II (Iustinius Iunior) (520 - 578, ruled 565 - 578) – nephew of Justinian I;

      Tiberius II (Tiberius Constantinus) (540 - 582, ruled 574, 578 - 582) – Comes Excubitris; adopted by Justin II

      Maurice (Mauricius Tiberius) (539 - 602, ruled 582 - 602) – son-in-law of Tiberius II

      Non-dynastic

      Phocas the Tyrant ( ? - 610, ruled 602 - 610) – usurper; betrayed by his son-in-law

      Heraclian dynasty

      Heraclius (or Ηρ?κλειο?) (575 - 641, ruled 610 - 641) – usurper; son of the Armenian Exarch of Africa

      Constantine III Heraclius (Κωνσταντ?νο? Γ' Ηρ?κλειο?) (612 - 641, ruled 641) – son of Heraclius; coemperor with Heracleonas

      Heracleonas (Heraclius II) Constantine (Ηρακλεων??) (626 - 641?, ruled 641) – son of Heraclius; mutilated and deposed

      Constans II Heraclius (Κ?νστα? Β' Ηρ?κλειο?) (630 - 668, ruled 641 - 668) – son of Constantine III; assassinated by chamberlain

      Constantine IV the Bearded (Κωνσταντ?νο? Δ' ο Πωγ?νατο? ) (649 - 685, ruled 668 - 685) – son of Constans II

      Justinian II the Slit-nosed (Ιουστινιαν?? Β' ο Ριν?τμητο?) (668 - 711, ruled 685 - 695) – son of Constantine IV; mutilated, deposed, & exiled

      Non-dynastic

      Leontius (Λε?ντιο?) (ruled 695 - 698) – Strategos (general); mutilated, deposed, & imprisoned - later executed

      Tiberius III (Τιβ?ριο? Γ' ο Αψ?μαρο?) (ruled 698 - 705) – German orig. named Apsimar; deposed & executed

      Heraclian dynasty

      Justinian II (ruled 705 - 711) – restored; deposed & executed

      Non-dynastic

      Philippicus Bardanes (Φιλιππικ?? Βαρδ?νη?) (ruled 711 - 713) – Armenian soldier; deposed & mutilated

      Anastasius II (Αναστ?σιο? Β') ( ? - 721, ruled 713 - 715) – orig. Artemios; secretary of Philippicus; deposed & entered monastery, later revolted & was executed

      Theodosius III (Θεοδ?σιο? Γ' ο Αδραμμυττην??) (ruled 715 - 717) – tax-collector; abdicated & entered monastery

      Isaurian dynasty

      Leon the Isaurian against the Arabs

      Leo III the Isaurian (Λ?ων Γ' ο ?σαυρο?) (675 - 741, ruled 717 - 741) – Strategos

      Constantine V Copronymus (the Dung-named) (Κωνσταντ?νο? Ε' ο Κοπρ?νυμο? ? Καβαλ?νο?) (718 - 745, ruled 741) – son of Leo III; deposed

      Artabasdus the Icon-lover (Αρτ?βασδο? ο Εικον?φιλο?) (ruled 741 - 743) – Leo III's chamberlain and son-in-law

      Constantine V (ruled 743 - 775) – restored

      Leo IV the Khazar (Λ?ων Δ' Χ?ζαρο?) (750 - 780, ruled 775 - 780) – son of Constantine V

      Constantine VI the Blinded (Κωνσταντ?νο? ΣΤ') (771 - 797, ruled 780 - 797) – son of Leo IV; deposed and mutilated by mother

      Ste. Irene the Athenian (Ειρ?νη η Αθηνα?α) (755 - 803, ruled 797 - 802) – wife of Leo IV, mother of Constantine VI; canonized by the Orthodox church; deposed & exiled to Lesbos

      Phocid dynasty

      Nicephorus, 811 AD, Constantine Manasses Chronicle 1345 Manuscript

      Nicephorus I Phocas (Νικηφ?ρο? Α' Φωκ??) ( ? - 811, ruled 802 - 811) – Megas Logothetes; died in battle, skull used as wine cup

      Stauracius (Σταυρ?κιο? Φωκ??) ( ? - 812, ruled 811) – son of Nicephorus I; paralyzed

      Michael I Rhangabes (Μιχα?λ Α' ο Ραγκαβ?) (ruled 811 - 813) – son-in-law of Nicephorus I & master of the palace; deposed & entered monastery

      Not identified Person, Early Byzantine Period

      Not identified Person, Early Byzantine Period

      Non-dynastic

      Leo V the Armenian (Λ?ων Ε' ο Αρμ?νιο?) (775 - 820, ruled 813 - 820) – Strategos; assassinated

      Phrygian dynasty

      Michael II the Stammerer or the Amorian (Μιχα?λ Β' ο Τραυλ?? η Ψηλλο?) (770 - 829, ruled 820 - 829) – Strategos, son-in-law of Constantine VI

      Theophilus (Θε?φιλο?) (813 - 842, ruled 829 - 842) – son of Michael II

      Ste. Theodora (Θεοδ?ρα) (ruled 842 - 855) – wife of Theophilus; empress and regent for Michael III; canonized by the Orthodox church; deposed & entered monastery

      Michael III the Drunkard (Μιχα?λ Γ' ο Μ?θυσο?) (840 - 867, ruled 842 - 867) – son of Theophilus; assassinated

      Macedonian dynasty

      Basil I the Macedonian (Βασ?λειο? Α') (811 - 886, ruled 867 - 886) - married Michael III's widow; died in hunting accident

      Leo VI the Wise (Λ?ων ΣΤ' ο Σοφ??) (866 - 912, ruled 886 - 912) – likely either son of Basil I or Michael III;

      Alexander III (Αλ?ξανδρο? Γ' του Βυζαντ?ου) (870 - 913, ruled 912 - 913) – son of Basil I, regent for nephew

      Constantine VII the Purple-born (Κωνσταντ?νο? Ζ' ο Πορφυρογ?ννητο?) (905-959, ruled 913 - 959) – son of Leo VI

      Romanus I Lecapenus (Ρωμαν?? Α' ο Λεκαπην??) (870 - 948, ruled 919 - 944) – father-in-law of Constantine VII; coemperor, deposed by his sons & entered monastery

      Romanus II the Purple-born (Ρωμαν?? Β' ο Πορφυρογ?ννητο?) (939 - 963, ruled 959 - 963) – son of Constantine VII , his wife was Theophano

      Nicephorus II Phocas (Νικηφ?ρο? Β' Φωκ?? ? Νικηφ?ρο? Β' ο Φωκ??) (912 - 969, ruled 963 - 969) – Strategos; married Romanus II's widow, regent for Basil; assassinated

      John I Tzimisces (Ιω?ννη? Α' Κουρκο?α? ο Τσιμισκ??) (925 - 976, ruled 969 - 976) – brother-in-law of Romanus II, lover of Nicephorus's wife but banned from marriage, regent for Basil

      Basil II the Bulgar-slayer (Βασ?λειο? Β' ο Βουλγαροκτ?νο?) (958 - 1025, ruled 976 - 1025) – son of Romanus II

      Constantine VIII (Κωνσταντ?νο? Η')(960-1028, ruled 1025 - 1028) – son of Romanus II; silent coemperor with Basil II

      Zoe I (Ζω? Α') ((c. 978 - 1050, ruled 1028 - 1050) – daughter of Constantine VIII

      Romanus III Argyrus (Ρωμαν?? Γ' ο Αργυρ??) (968 - 1034, ruled 1028 - 1034) – eparch of Constantinople; Zoe's first husband, arranged by Constantine VIII; murdered

      Michael IV the Paphlagonian (Μιχα?λ Δ' ο Παφλαγ?ν) (1010 - 1041, ruled 1034 - 1041) – Zoe's second husband

      Michael V the Caulker (Μιχα?λ Ε' ο Καλαφ?τη?) (1015 - 1042, ruled 1041 - 1042) – Michael IV's nephew, Zoe's adopted son

      Theodora (Θεοδ?ρα) (980 - 1056, ruled 1042) – daughter of Constantine VIII, coempress with Zoe

      Constantine IX Monomachus (Κωνσταντ?νο? Θ' ο Μονομ?χο?) (1000 - 1055, ruled 1042 - 1055) – Zoe's third husband

      Theodora (Θεοδ?ρα) (ruled 1055 - 1056) – restored

      Non-dynastic

      Michael VI the Bellicose (Μιχα?λ ΣΤ' ο Στρατιωτικ??) (ruled 1056 - 1057) – chosen by Theodora; deposed & entered monastery

      Comnenid dynasty

      Isaac I Comnenus (Ισα?κιο? Α' ο Κομνην??) (c. 1007 - 1060, ruled 1057 - 1059) – soldier; abdicated in a fit of illness & entered monastery

      Doukid dynasty

      Constantine X Ducas (Κωνσταντ?νο? Ι' ο Δο?κα?) (1006 - 1067, ruled 1059 - 1067) – selected by Michael Psellus the Younger

      Michael VII Ducas Quarter-short (Μιχα?λ Ζ' Δο?κα? Παραπιν?κη?) (1050 - 1090, ruled 1067 - 1078) – son of Constantine X, originally coemperor with two brothers and Romanus; deposed & entered monastery

      Romanus IV and his wife Eudocia Makrembolitissa , who was also the wife of Constantine X

      Romanus IV Diogenes (Ρωμαν?? Δ' Διογ?νη?) (1032 - 1072, ruled 1068 - 1071) – married Constantine X's widow; coemperor, deposed & mutilated to death

      Nicephorus III Botaniates

      Nicephorus III Botaniates (Νικηφ?ρο? Γ' Βοτανει?τη?) (1001 - 1081, ruled 1078 - 1081) – Strategos claiming descent from the Fabii, bigamously married Michael VII's wife; deposed & forced into monastery

      Comnenid dynasty (restored)

      Alexius I Comnenus (Αλ?ξιο? Α' Κομνην??) (1057 - 1118, ruled 1081 - 1118) – nephew of Isaac I, married Constantine X's grandniece ( Anna Dalassena , Irene Ducaena , Anna Comnena , Isaac Comnenus)

      John II Comnenus the Beautiful (Ιω?ννη? Β' Κομνην?? o Καλο?) (1087 - 1143, ruled 1118 - 1143) – son of Alexius I, died of a hunting accident

      Isaakios Comnenus

      Maria Comnena, Queen consort of Hungary

      Theodora Comnena

      Manuel I Comnenus the Great (Μανου?λ Α' Κομνην?? ο Μ?γα?) (1118 - 1180, ruled 1143 - 1180) – son of John II
      ( Maria Comnena , Porphyrogenita )

      Alexius II Comnenus (Αλ?ξιο? B' Κομνην??) (1169 - 1183, ruled 1180 - 1183) – son of Manuel I; murdered with garrotte

      Andronicus I Comnenus (Ανδρ?νικο? Α' Κομνην??) (1118 - 1185, ruled 1183 - 1185) – nephew of John II; married Alexius II's widow; deposed, tortured & executed; font of the Komnenid line in Trapezountas

      Maria Comnena, Queen consort of Jerusalem

      Angelid dynasty

      Isaac II Angelus (Ισα?κιο? Β' ?γγελο?) (1156 - 1204, ruled 1185 - 1195) – great-grandson of Alexius I, deposed & blinded

      Alexius III Angelus (Αλ?ξιο? Γ' ?γγελο?) (1153 - 1211, ruled 1195 - 1203) – brother of Isaac II, deposed by IV Crusade & eventually forced into monastery,

      Euphrosyne Doukaina Kamaterina

      Anna Angelina

      Irene Lascarina

      Alexius IV Angelus (Αλ?ξιο? Δ' ?γγελο?) (1182 - 1204, ruled 1203 - 1204) – son of Isaac II, deposed & executed

      Isaac II Angelus (ruled 1203 - 1204) – largely witless, restored as coemperor with Alexius IV, deposed

      Alexius V Ducas the Bushy-eyebrowed (Αλ?ξιο? Ε' Δο?κα? ο Μο?ρτζουφλο?) (1140 - 1204, ruled 1204) – son-in-law of Alexius III

      Seal with inscription includes the Lascarid, Comnenid and Palaiologid Dynasty (Sfragis tou Eusebestatou Oikou ton Laskareon, ....)

      Laskarid dynasty (in exile in the Empire of Nicaea)

      Theodore I Lascaris (Θε?δωρο? Α' Λ?σκαρη?) (1174 - 1222, ruled 1204 - 1222) – son-in-law of Alexius III

      John III Ducas Vatatzes (Ιω?ννη? Γ' Δο?κα? Βατ?τζη?) (1192 - 1254, ruled 1222 - 1254) – son-in-law of Theodore I; epileptic

      Theodore II Lascaris (Θε?δωρο? Β' Λ?σκαρη?) (1221 - 1258, ruled 1254 - 1258) – son of John III

      John IV Lascaris (Ιω?ννη? Δ' Λ?σκαρη?) (1250 - 1305, ruled 1258 - 1261) – son of Theodore II, deposed, blinded & imprisoned by Michael VIII

      Palaeologid Dynasty (restored to Constantinople)

      Michael VIII Palaeologus (Μιχα?λ Η' Παλαιολ?γο?) (1224 - 1282, ruled 1259 - 1282) – Strategos, regent for John IV Lascaris; great-grandson of Alexius III Angelus

      Andronicus II Palaeologus the Elder (Ανδρ?νικο? Β' ο Γ?ρο?) (1258 - 1332, ruled 1282 - 1328) – son of Michael VIII; abdicated

      Andronicus III Palaeologus the Younger (Ανδρ?νικο? Γ' Παλαιολ?γο? ο Ν?ο?) (1297 - 1341, ruled 1328 - 1341) – grandson of Andronicus II

      John V Palaeologus (Ιω?ννη? Ε' Παλαιολ?γο?) (1332 - 1391, ruled 1341 - 1347) – son of Andronicus III, deposed by John VI

      John VI Cantacuzenus (Ιω?ννη? Στ' Καντακουζην??) (1292 - 1383, ruled outright 1347 - 1354) – father-in-law of John V; deposed & entered monastery as Ioasaph Christodoulus

      John V Palaeologus (ruled 1354 - 1376) – restored, deposed by Andronicus IV

      Andronicus IV Palaeologus (Ανδρ?νικο? Δ' Παλαιολ?γο?) (1348 - 1385, ruled 1376 - 1379) – son of John V, half-blinded following revolt, later succeeded & was deposed, revolted a third time

      John V Palaeologus (ruled 1379 - 1390) – restored, deposed

      John VII Palaeologus (Ιω?ννη? Ζ' Παλαιολ?γο?) (1370 - 1408, ruled 1390) – son of Andronicus IV

      John V Palaeologus (ruled 1390 - 1391) – restored

      Manuel II Palaeologus (Μανου?λ Β' Παλαιολ?γο?) (1350 - 1425, ruled 1391 - 1425) – son of John V

      John VII Palaeologus (ruled 1399 - 1402) – restored as coemperor

      John VIII Palaeologus, bust by Antonio Averlino also known as Filarete (Greek "lover of virtue")

      John VIII Palaeologus (Ιω?ννη? Η' Παλαιολ?γο?) (1392 - 1448, ruled 1425 - 1448) – son of Manuel II

      Constantine XI Palaeologus Dragatses (Κωνσταντ?νο? ΙΑ' Παλαιολ?γο? Δραγ?τση?) (1405 - 1453, ruled 1449 - 1453) – son of Manuel II, never crowned, died on the walls

      Osmanli

      In 1453 Mehmed II overthrew the Byzantine Empire and claimed the title of Caesar; his successors continued this claim. See Osmanli for the complete list of Ottoman sultans.

      Palaeologid Dynasty (in exile)

      Thomas Palaeologus (Θωμ?? Παλαιολ?γο?) (1409 or 10 - 1465) – brother of Constantine XI; died in exile in Rome

      Andreas Palaeologus (Ανδρ?α? Παλαιολ?γο?) (1453 - 1502) – son of Thomas; created Despot by Pope Pius II, self-styled imperator Constantinopolitanus; sold titles to Charles VIII in 1494 & granted the remainder to King Ferran II of Aragon and Queen Isabel of Castille in his will.

      --------------------------------

      Eustathius of Thessalonica

      George Acropolita

      Hierocles (author of Synecdemus)

      Johannes Cardinal Bessarion

      Philaretos Brachamios

      Hero of Byzantium

      Georgius Choeroboscus

      John the Eunuch

      Michael Choniates

      Nicetas Choniates

      Michael I Cerularius

      John Cinnamus

      Saint Cyril

      Chalcocondyles

      Demetrius Chalcocondyles

      Laonicus Chalcocondyles

      Michael III Doukeianos

      Patriarch Photius I of Constantinople

      Patriarch Germanus II of Constantinople

      John Malalas

      Michael Maleinos

      Bardas Mamikonian

      George Maniaces

      Francesco Maurolico , a Greco-Italian Postbyzantine scientist

      Mazaris

      Isidore of Miletus

      Saint Methodius

      Nicolaus Cabasilas

      Theodore Metochites

      Marcus Musurus

      Nicholas Myrepsos

      Nikephoros Ouranos

      Gregory Palamas

      George Phrantza

      Michael Psellus image from the Monastery Pantokrator, Athos

      Michael Constantine Psellus

      Procopius of Caesarea , (Secret History)

      Bardas Skleros

      Theodore the Studite

      George Syncellus

      Jacob Baradaeus

      Theoktistos

      Loukas Notaras

      Anthemius of Tralles

      George of Trebizond

      Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos

      Joannes Xiphilinus

      Joannes (John) Zonaras

      George Gemistos Plethon

      Danielis

      Georgius Chrysococces (gr. Georgios Chrysokokkis), Physician, Mathematician, Astronomer

      -----

      See also Pope of Greek origin,Late Roman, Early Byzantine Period

      Pope Zosimus

      Pope Theodore I

      Pope John VI

      Pope John VII

      Byzantine aristocracy and bureaucracy

      Byzantine Empire, Books

      Women in Byzantium (Some Texts and Bibliography)

      Ancient Greece

      Science, Technology , Medicine , Warfare, , Biographies , Life , Cities/Places/Maps , Arts , Literature , Philosophy ,Olympics, Mythology , History , Images

      Medieval Greece /?Byzantine Empire

      Science, Technology, Arts, , Warfare , Literature, Biographies, Icons, History

      Modern Greece

      Cities, Islands, Regions, Fauna/Flora ,Biographies , History , Warfare, Science/Technology, Literature, Music , Arts , Film/Actors , Sport , Fashion

      ---

      Cyprus

      Greek-Library - Scientific Library

      Greeks

      Greece

      Index

      Hellenica World


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