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      - Art Gallery -



      Byzantinische Armee, Kriegstechnik

      Byzantine army

      Byzantium at war: AD 600-1453, John F. Haldon

      Romano-Byzantine armies 4th-9th centuries, David Nicolle

      Byzantine Infantryman: Eastern Roman Empire C.900-1204, Timothy Dawson,Angus McBride

      Byzantine armies, 886-1118, Ian Heath,Angus McBride

      Medieval siege weapons: Byzantium, the Islamic world & India AD 476-1526, David Nicolle, Sam Thompson

      Byzantine Dromon (Runner) Ship

      The Byzantine war ship ?Dromon“. It measured 45-50 meters in length and its crew was 100-300 men.

      The Dromon is more accurately a product of reverse evolution, paring away the complexities of large galleys in search of simpler and more cost effective solutions. In the process the technology of the triremes and the polyremes was lost, never to be recovered, and the Dromon provided a foundation for a new cycle of naval development which produced ships which had little or no lineal connection with those of antiquity. THE BYZANTINE NAVY

      Another Ship type was the Chelandion (Χελ?νδιον)

      J. H Haldon, M. Byrne, A possible solution of the Greek Fire

      Roman Pump Technology 100 AD

      Greek Fire, using a Cheirosifon, Heron of Byzantium

      The main weapon was the Greek Fire or Sea Fire (pyr thalassion) that was used on ships like the dromone and that was used for example to destroy two large Arab fleets, but this invention is a byzantine invention. A Syrian engineer Kallinikos (or Callinicus) of Heliopolis is assumed to be the inventor of Greek Fire around 673 AD. More Information , The Oil Weapons: Ancient Oil Industries

      Byzantine navy

      Byzantine battle tactics



      SIEGECRAFT Two Tenth-Century Instructional Manuals by “Heron of Byzantium” Denis F. Sullivan (PDF File)

      Byzantine Warfare

      The Fortification of Byzantium

      The whole of Byzantine history is the record of struggles between a civilized state and wild, or half-civilized, neighbouring tribes. Again and again was the Byzantine Empire de facto reduced to the limits of the capital city, which Anastasius had transformed into an unrivaled fortress (Catholic encyclopedia)

      Theodosian Walls, Klicks to enlarge

      Fortification: The Land Walls (Computer Reconstruction)

      Walls of Constantinople

      Constantine XI, the last Byzantine Emperor at the battlements, dawn of the 29th May of 1453" 200 X 145 cm,- oil on canvas, 2003 by Iannis Nikou

      Battle of Ad Decimum
      Battle of Anchialus
      Battle of Callinicum
      Fall of Constantinople
      Battle of Dara
      Battle of Dyrrhachium
      Battle of Kleidion
      Battle of Manzikert
      Battle of Mons Lactarius
      Battle of Myriokephalon
      Siege of Nicaea
      Battle of Nineveh (627)
      Battle of Pelagonia
      Battle of Pliska
      Battle of Syllaeum
      Battle of Taginae
      Battle of Ticameron
      Battle of Yarmuk

      -David Nicolle , Romano-Byzantine Armies 4th - 9th Century- (Men-at-Arms Series) (Paperback), Osprey Publishing (UK) 1992, ISBN 1855322242
      Ian Heath, Angus McBride (Illustrator) , Byzantine Armies Ad 1118-1461- (Osprey Men-at-Arms Series, No 287) Osprey Publishing (UK) 1995, ISBN 1855323478
      David Nicolle, Sam Thompson, -Medieval Siege Weapons: Byzantium, the Islamic World & India AD 475-1526-, Osprey
      -Medieval Siege Weapons: Western Europe AD 585-1385, Osprey
      John Haldon, Byzantium at War, AD 600-?1453-, Essential Histories 33, Osprey Publishing 2002

      Ancient Greek Military Technology (Armor, Ships, Catapults, Polybola, Siege and Radiation Weapons, Links)

      (The Catapults were developed first in ancient Greece and the literature of Philo of Byzantium, Heron of Alexandria was an important source in Byzantium)

      Reports in German

      Logistik Historie und Zukunft (logistike techne and military, Alexander, Byzantium, etc..) some remarks

      Ancient Greece

      Science, Technology , Medicine , Warfare, , Biographies , Life , Cities/Places/Maps , Arts , Literature , Philosophy ,Olympics, Mythology , History , Images

      Medieval Greece /?Byzantine Empire

      Science, Technology, Arts, , Warfare , Literature, Biographies, Icons, History

      Modern Greece

      Cities, Islands, Regions, Fauna/Flora ,Biographies , History , Warfare, Science/Technology, Literature, Music , Arts , Film/Actors , Sport , Fashion



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